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List of GHS Hazard Statements
and How to Choose

Clear, brief and easily translatable – these three characteristics are baked into all GHS hazard statements, and for good reason. Because a fast-paced world doesn’t slow down for handling of hazardous chemicals. Learn more about how these important identifiers fit into overall GHS labeling and how to identify GHS hazard statements you need.

What is a GHS hazard statement?

GHS label hazard statements are phrases that describe the nature of hazardous products and the degree of hazard. They’re further organized and identified by GHS hazard statement codes, or H codes. Learn more about GHS labeling requirements, elements and 2022 updates.

Hazard statements are part of the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals. The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) is aligned with this international system, now known as HazCom 2012. GHS hazard statements make up one of the six elements of a compliant GHS label, which include:

  1. Signal Word (DANGER or WARNING)
  2. GHS Symbols (globally identifiable pictograms)
  3. Manufacturer Information (name, address, phone number)
  4. Precautionary Statements / First Aid (preventive, response, storage or disposal precautions)
  5. Hazard Statements (nature and degree of hazard)
  6. Product Name (product, chemical or other Identifier)
A GHS label for carbon monoxide danger with the hazard statements circled. The hazard statements include the nature and degree of the hazard.
A GHS hazard statement includes the nature and degree of hazard.
A worker looking through a Safety Data Sheets binder

Determining a chemical’s hazard statement

To determine a chemical’s GHS hazard statement, you’ll need to know the chemical’s GHS hazard class and GHS hazard category. These are provided in Section 2 (Hazard Identification) of a Safety Data Sheet (SDS).

  • A GHS hazard class defines the nature of a physical or health hazard by grouping together products that have similar properties, e.g., flammable solid, carcinogenicity or acute toxicity.
  • A GHS hazard category provides a numerical representation of the hazardous severity of the product from 1 through 4, with 1 denoting the greatest severity of hazard.

GHS hazard statements are based on a chemical’s hazard class and category. Once you know these, you can cross-reference the required hazard statement.

List of GHS label hazard statements and H codes

Each GHS hazard statement is designated an H code, which starts with the letter H and is followed by 3 digits (H_ _ _). These are for reference purposes only and most useful to assist in translation. While they may appear on a GHS label, the hazard statements are what are required to appear.

Physical Hazards (H2_ _)

H200 Unstable explosive
H201 Explosive; mass explosion hazard
H202 Explosive; severe projection hazard
H203 Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard
H204 Fire or projection hazard
H205 May mass explode in fire
H206 Fire, blast or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
H207 Fire or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
H208 Fire hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
H220 Extremely flammable gas
H221 Flammable gas
H222 Extremely flammable aerosol
H223 Flammable aerosol
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour
H227 Combustible liquid
H228 Flammable solid
H229 Pressurized container: may burst if heated
H230 May react explosively even in the absence of air
H231 May react explosively even in the absence of air at elevated pressure and/or temperature
H232 May ignite spontaneously if exposed to air
H240 Heating may cause an explosion
H241 Heating may cause a fire or explosion
H242 Heating may cause a fire
H250 Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air
H251 Self-heating; may catch fire
H252 Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously
H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas
H270 May cause or intensify fire; oxidizer
H271 May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer
H272 May intensify fire; oxidizer
H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated
H281 Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury
H290 May be corrosive to metals

Health Hazards (H3_ _)

H300 Fatal if swallowed
H301 Toxic if swallowed
H302 Harmful if swallowed
H303 May be harmful if swallowed
H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
H305 May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways
H310 Fatal in contact with skin
H311 Toxic in contact with skin
H312 Harmful in contact with skin
H313 May be harmful in contact with skin
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
H315 Causes skin irritation
H316 Causes mild skin irritation
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction
H318 Causes serious eye damage
H319 Causes serious eye irritation
H320 Causes eye irritation
H330 Fatal if inhaled
H331 Toxic if inhaled
H332 Harmful if inhaled
H333 May be harmful if inhaled
H334 May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled
H335 May cause respiratory irritation
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness
H340 May cause genetic defects
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects
H350 May cause cancer
H351 Suspected of causing cancer
H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
H361d Suspected of damaging the unborn child
H362 May cause harm to breast-fed children
H370 Causes damage to organs
H371 May cause damage to organs
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

Environmental Hazards (H4_ _)

H400 Very toxic to aquatic life
H401 Toxic to aquatic life
H402 Harmful to aquatic life
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long-lasting effects
H413 May cause long-lasting harmful effects to aquatic life
H420 Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere
H441 Very toxic to terrestrial invertebrates

European Union Supplementary Hazard Statements List

In addition to these hazard statements, European Union Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 - Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) kept many hazard statements not part of GHS. These include:
EUH001 Explosive when dry
EUH006 Explosive with or without contact with air
EUH014 Reacts violently with water
EUH018 In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture
EUH019 May form explosive peroxides
EUH044 Risk of explosion if heated under confinement
EUH029 Contact with water liberates toxic gas
EUH031 Contact with acids liberates toxic gas
EUH032 Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas
EUH066 Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking
EUH070 Toxic by eye contact
EUH071 Corrosive to the respiratory tract
EUH059 Hazardous to the ozone layer
EUH201 Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children
EUH201A Warning! Contains lead
EUH202 Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children
EUH203 Contains chromium (VI). May produce an allergic reaction
EUH204 Contains isocyanates. May produce an allergic reaction
EUH205 Contains epoxy constituents. May produce an allergic reaction
EUH206 Warning! Do not use together with other products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine)
EUH207 Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer. Comply with the safety instructions
EUH208 Contains (name of sensitising substance). May produce an allergic reaction
EUH209 Can become highly flammable in use
EUH209A Can become flammable in use
EUH210 Safety data sheet available on request
EUH401 To avoid risks to human health and the environment, comply with the instructions for use

Product Recommendations

Ready to start making GHS labels? Here are our top product recommendations to get you started.
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